Hydropower flow fluctuations and salmonids

a review of the biological effects, mechanical causes, and options for mitigation
  • 46 Pages
  • 0.92 MB
  • 8299 Downloads
  • English
by
State of Washington, Dept. of Fisheries, Habitat Management Division , Olympia, Wash
Salmon -- Effect of water level
Statementby Mark A. Hunter.
SeriesTechnical report / State of Washington Department of Fisheries -- no. 119., Technical report (Washington (State). Dept. of Fisheries) -- no. 119.
ContributionsWashington (State). Dept. of Fisheries.
The Physical Object
Paginationiv, 46 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15185916M

This technical report reviews the available research and evaluations on the effects of flow fluctuations on salmonids. It also summarizes how hydropower facilities create flow fluctuations, suggests criteria for mitigation, recommends field procedures, and identifies needs for further research.

This technical report is limited to the review of. Get this from a library. Hydropower flow fluctuations and salmonids: a review of the biological effects, mechanical causes, and options for mitigation. [Mark A Hunter. WDF Technical Report No. Hydropower Flow Fluctuations and Salmonids: A Review of the Biological Effects, Mechanical Causes, and Options for Mitigation Category: Instream Flow.

Flow regulation for RoR hydropower is unique in how it influences the seasonality and magnitude of flow diversion and because low-head dams can be overtopped at high flows. Based on a review of the primary literature, we identified three pathways of effects by which RoR hydropower may influence salmonids: reduction of flow, presence of low-head Cited by:   As most of the Norwegian hydropower system feasible for hydropeaking, discharge water directly to the sea or to salmonid rivers, most of the focus on environmental impacts is on salmonids.

However, the methodology may also be highly relevant for other fish species and other by: In Chapter 2, I synthesize the impact pathways by which RoR hydropower may influence salmonid populations, inferred from studies of reservoir-storage hydropower and salmonid ecology.

In Chapter 3, I use empirical data to quantify increases in water temperature due to RoR flow diversion and explore the possible consequences for resident fish. Hydropower flow fluctuations and salmonids: a review of the biological effects, mechanical causes and options for mitigation.

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Technical report number State of Washington Department of. The societal benefits of hydropower systems (e.g., relatively clean electrical power, water supply, flood control, and recreation) come with a cost to native stream fishes.

We reviewed and synthesized the literature on hydropower-related pulsed flows to guide resource managers in addressing significant impacts while avoiding unnecessary curtailment of hydropower operations. Flow is a major driver of processes shaping physical habitat in streams and a major determinant of biotic composition.

Flow fluctuations play an important role in the survival and reproductive potential of aquatic organisms as they have evolved life history strategies primarily in direct response to natural flow regimes (Poff et al.

; Bunn and Arthington ). Local Hydropower Economics 16 Flat Rock Dam Hydropower Economics 17 Once the barrier is put in place, the free flow of water stops and water will begin to accumulate behind the dam in the new reservoir.

This land may have been used for other things such as agriculture, forestry, and even residences, but it is. Hunter, M.A., Hydropower flow fluctuations and salmonids: a review of the biological effects, mechanical causes and options for mitigation.

Technical Report No. Department of Fisheries, State of Washington. It was preferred to edit this book with the intention that it may partly serve as a supplementary textbook for students on hydropower plants.

The subjects being mentioned comprise all the main components of a hydro power plant, from the upstream end, with the basin for water intake, to the downstream end of the water flow outlet. salmonids are highly mobile, and should be able adjust to the altered regimes.

Juvenile salmonids in the Columbia River (many of which are of hatchery origin) generally spend only a few days in the estuary as they migrate downstream, so the altered salinity patterns would have little impact on them. Flow is how much water moves through the system—the more water that moves through a system, the higher the flow.

Generally, a high-head plant needs less water flow than a low-head plant to produce the same amount of electricity. Storing Energy One of the biggest advantages of a hydropower plant is its ability to store energy. sustainability Review Life Stage-Specific Hydropeaking Flow Rules Daniel S.

Hayes 1,2,*, Miguel Moreira 3, Isabel Boavida 3, Melanie Haslauer 1, Günther Unfer 1, Bernhard Zeiringer 1, Franz Greimel 1, Stefan Auer 1, Teresa Ferreira 2 and Stefan Schmutz 1 1 Department of Water, Atmosphere and Environment, Institute of Hydrobiology and Aquatic Ecosystem Management, University of Natural.

Geist DR, Murray CJ, Hanrahan TP, Xie Y. A model of the effects of flow fluctuations on fall Chinook salmon spawning habitat availability in the Columbia River.

Fish. Manage. Crossref, Google Scholar. Flow fluctuations during natural low-flow periods may also reduce the availability of salmonid rearing habitats as well as interfere with spawning of anadromous and resident salmonids downstream. Hydropower dams are looming in the Mekong Basin, affecting river flows that structure aquatic communities.

Here, we quantitatively assessed flow seasonality and predictability in three sites located in three rivers displaying a gradient in flow alterations caused by upstream dams and investigated how fish assemblages responded seasonally and inter‐annually to this gradient.

Total electricity generation worldwide TWh in with a contribution of TWh by hydroelectricity. Installed capacity of hydropower in was GW worldwide with the main producers of China ( TWh and GW installed capacity), Brazil ( TWh and 71 GW) and Canada ( TWh and 75 GW).Large hydropower contributed in much higher shares ( TWh) than.

Hydroacoustic Studies of Downstream Migrating Salmonids at Hydropower Dams: Two Case Studies G. Raemhild, R. Nason, and S. Hays Passage of American Shad in an Ice Harbor Style Fish Ladder after Flow Pattern Modifications S.

Rideout, L. Thorpe, and L. Cameron. Hydropower Engineering Handbook is organized around an interdisciplinary "team approach" to successful hydropower development. It gives mechanical and civil engineers, as well as environmental scientists, in-depth overviews of essential hydropower processes and technologies.

Readers can find pertinent information and data outside their particular disciplines, allowing them to make more. Conversely, salmonids (Salmo trutta) persisted; the trout population was dominated by individuals of the 0+ age group (⩽ 1 year old) both before and after the construction of Valparaíso Dam.

It is concluded that short‐term flow fluctuations induced by hydroelectric power generation were the main factor causing the observed adverse effects. This book is identified as APA no. in the Susitna Hydroelectric Project Document Index (), Hydroacoustic Studies of Downstream Migrating Salmonids at Hydropower Dams: Use of Multiple Unequally-Sized Turbines to Reduce Flow Fluctuations Below.

Application for Hydropower License for the Boundary Hydroelectric Project and Application for Surrender of Hydropower License for the Sullivan Creek Project: Environmental Impact Statement 0 Reviews. Hunter, M. Hydropower flow fluctuations and salmonids: a review of the biological effects, mechanical causes, and options for mitigation.

Technical Report No.

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State of Washington Department of Fisheries, Olympia. ISAB (Independent Scientific Advisory Board). hydropower plants in relation to ecological minimum flow, ecological continuity (fish pass) and habitat quality.

Description: The ecological effects/impacts of a of hydropower plant differ according to the type of power plant and type of electricity generation (base. Conventional energy source based on coal, gas, and oil are very much helpful for the improvement in the economy of a country, but on the other hand, some bad impacts of these resources in the environment have bound us to use these resources within some limit and turned our thinking toward the renewable energy resources.

The social, environmental, and economical problems can be omitted. Hydropower, or hydroenergy, is a form of renewable energy that uses the water stored in dams, as well as flowing in rivers to create electricity in hydropower plants.

The falling water rotates blades of a turbine, which then spins a generator that converts the mechanical energy of the spinning turbine into electrical energy. The Norwegian electrical energy supply system is based on hydropower. The now deregulated energy market has led to increased use of hydropeaking production, leading to greater fluctuations in discharge and water levels below hydropower stations.

The power station HOL 1, with an outlet to the Storåne River, is a large hydropeaking facility. By G E.

Description Hydropower flow fluctuations and salmonids FB2

Johnson and D D. Dauble, Published on 01/01/ Title. Surface flow outlets to protect juvenile salmonids passing through hydropower dams.

operations on migrant salmonids have not been evaluated. The potential for delayed mortality on fish that migrate through the hydropower system is also a concern to fisheries managers and regional decision makers.

Recent quantitative model studies have assessed the importance of survival downstream from.All individuals fishing for anadromous salmonids have to pay a national license.

During to around 80 (± SD) people in Norway paid the license for angling salmonids in freshwater with a slight decrease (∼% yr –1) in numbers (DN, pers. comm.).However, to our knowledge, there is no detailed effort data for each Norwegian river considered in this study.The flow of water spins the turbine, which in turn causes the turbine shaft and the attached rotor to spin as well.

first two of the fourteen hydroelectric dams built on the Columbia River included fish ladders which allowed anadromous salmonids to travel through the dams. 2 hydropower can affect the environment in a many ways that are.